This list of online resources and weblinks is not exhaustive, and is subject to change. If any links fail or change, please let us know by email.
[toggle title=”Texts recording the ritual practices of the Use of Salisbury (Use of Sarum)”]
New transcriptions of four manuscript versions of the Sarum Customary with English translations and extensive introduction to the Use of Sarum and the two cathedrals at Salisbury. Also Frere’s conflated versions of the Old and New Customaries from The Use of Sarum, with new English translation. Currently approaching completion.
[toggle title=”Online edition of chant and texts of the Use of Salisbury (Use of Sarum)”]
The Sarum Rite (formerly Music of the Sarum Office), published in serial format by the Gregorian Institute of Canada, under the direction of William Renwick. Most of the current resources relate to the Office. This large project will ultimately contain (as downloadable pdf files) the full text and music for the Breviary, the Processional, and the Missal, with translations, commentary and sound files.
[toggle title=”Digitised copies of editions of liturgical books of the Use of Salisbury used in the project”]
(NB This does not include additional sources used in the project that are currently unavailable online.)
Missale ad usum insignis et praeclarae ecclesiae Sarum, ed. F. H. Dickinson, (Burntisland, 1861-83).
Francis Henry Dickinson’s edition of the 1526 edition of the Sarum Missal printed in Paris by Francis Regnault; here collated with several other early editions. Part 1 (Temporale). Part 2 (Sanctorale, Common and Votive Masses) awaiting digitisation.
The Sarum Missal edited from three early manuscripts, ed J. Wickham Legg (Oxford, 1916)
Based principally on the readings of three early Sarum missals (Manchester, John Rylands, Crawford MS 24; University of Bologna MS 2565; Paris, Arsenal MS 135), dated between 1200 and 1325.
Processionale ad usum insignis ac praeclarae ecclesiae Sarum, ed. W. G. Henderson (Leeds, 1882)
Transcription (with reproduction of original woodcuts) of the Sarum Processional printed at Rouen by Morin in 1508, here collated with several other editions.
Breviarium ad Usum Insignis Ecclesiae Sarum, ed F. Procter and C. Wordsworth (3 vols, Cambridge, 1879-86, reprinted 1970). Based on the ‘Great Breviary’ of 1531 published by Chevallon and Regnault in Paris, collated with several other editions
Volume 1 (Kalendar and Temporale)
Volume 2 (Psalter, Litany, Votive Offices and Common)
Volume 3 (Sanctorale and note on accentuation of long and short syllables)
Manuale ad usum insignis ecclesiae Sarum, ed. W. G. Henderson, Surtees Society, 63 (Durham, London & Edinburgh, 1875). Selections from the Sarum Manual printed in Rouen by Pynson, 1506.
[toggle title=”Music editions used in the project”]
(General Editor: Nick Sandon.) Editions of medieval, renaissance and baroque music, including The Use of Salisbury, currently comprising six volumes (Mass Ordinary, and Mass Propers for the Temporale through the whole year).
(General Editor: Magnus Williamson.) Church music by British composers from the Norman Conquest to the Commonwealth.
The Sarum Rite (formerly Music of the Sarum Office), published in serial format by the Gregorian Institute of Canada, under the direction of Dr William Renwick. This ambitious project will ultimately contain (as downloadable pdf files) the full text and music for the Breviary Office, the Processional, and the Missal, with translations, commentary and sound files.
[toggle title=”Other texts used in the project”]
Includes text of ‘The Displaying of the Popish Mass’ (Basel 1559, London 1637) by the radical Protestant Thomas Becon (1512–67). written while he was exiled abroad (probably when in Strasbourg) during the reign of Mary Tudor.
The lay folks mass book; or, The manner of hearing mass, with rubrics and devotions for the people, in four texts, and offices in English according to the use of York, from manuscripts of the Xth to the XVth century, ed Thomas F Simmons, EETS, Original Series, 71 (London, 1879).
[toggle title=”Other digitised copies of editions and studies of medieval liturgy in Britain”]
Ordinary and Canon in parallel versions, with extensive introduction and miscellaneous additions.
1. Additional books relevant to the Use of Salisbury (Use of Sarum)
Including Defensorium Directorii Sacerdotum, Crede Michi, and fragments of the Sarum Ordinal printed by Caxton in 1477-8.
Ordinale Sarvm sive Directorivm sacerdotvm: (liber, quem Pica Sarum vulgo vocitat clerus) auctore Clemente Maydeston, sacerdote, ed. Christopher Wordsworth and William Cooke, Henry Bradshaw Society, (London, 1901)
Downloadable transcription of the Martyrology compiled by Richard Whitford for the Bridgettines of Syon (London: Wynkyn de Worde, 1526), including reproductions of original woodcuts.
2 Liturgical books from other liturgical Uses
2.1 Use of York
Missale ad usum insignis Ecclesiæ eboracensis, ed W. Henderson, 2 vols., Surtees Society, 59-60 (1872). Based on a collation of six manuscript and five printed editions of the York Missal.
Volume 1 (Temporale);
Volume 2 (Sanctorale, Common and Votive Masses).
Breviarium ad usum insignis Ecclesie Eboracensis, 2 vols., ed. Stephen Willoughby Lawley, Surtees Society, 71 (1879), 75 (1882). Based primarily on the edition of 1493 printed in Venice by Johannes Hamman.
Volume 1 (Temporale, awaiting digitisation)
Volume 2 (Common and Sanctorale)
Manuale et Processionale ad Usum Insignis Ecclesiae Eboracensis, ed. W. G. Henderson, Surtees Society, 63 (Durham, London & Edinburgh, 1875). The Manual collates manuscript and printed sources, including the edition printed in London by Wynkyn de Worde in 1526. The Processional collates three prints, the earliest Olivier’s Rouen edition of 1530.
2.2 Use of Hereford
Based on the Rouen edition of 1502 printed by John Richard, collated with a manuscript missal of Hereford Use of the fourteenth century.
The Hereford Breviary, ed. W. H. Frere and Langton E. J. Brown, 2 vols., Henry Bradshaw Society, 26 (London 1904); 40 (1911); 46 (1915). Based on the Rouen edition of 1505, collated with manuscripts.
Volume 2 (Sanctorale), awaiting digitisation.
2.3 Use of Aberdeen
Breviarium Aberdonense (Edinburgh, Bannatyne Club, 1808-94) Facsimile edition of the Aberdeen Breviary, compiled by Bishop William Elphinstone and printed in Edinburgh by Chepman and Miller, 1509/10.
3. The Book of Common Prayer
Anglican resources available here include complete texts of the 1549, 1552 and 1559 editions of the Book of Common Prayer, and the Common and the Ordinary from the Sarum Missal.
Manuscripts and early printed books
Early English Books Online (subscriber or institutional log-in required)
Digitised collection of over 125,000 early printed titles (including many liturgical books) listed in A. W. Pollard and G. R. Redgrave, A Short-Title Catalogue of Books printed in England, Scotland and Ireland 1475–1640, 2nd edn revised and enlarged by W. A. Jackson, F. S. Ferguson and Katharine F. Pantzer, 3 vols (London, 1986–91) and other catalogues.
[toggle title=”Related academic projects and networks”]
AHRC/ESRC Religion and Society Research Programme
Research network ‘Interpreting Medieval Liturgy c.500 – 1500 AD: Text and Performance’, convened by the University of Exeter and University of Kent.
Introduction to the Bangor Pontifical of c.1320 with link to digitised images.
Sources from Central Europe with definitions of liturgical practice of institutions and local traditions.
The Production and Reading of Music Sources (PRoMS), University of Manchester